Based on Oxford dictionary (2000), research means "a detailed and careful study of". In Malay, research means "penyelidikan".
However, Chambers English Dictionary defines research as:
- a careful search
- systematic investigation towards increasing the sum of knowledge
therefore, i would say research is conducting a study such as through investigation, identification, analization, etc. that involved collecting data, in order to contribute to a body of knowledge. it will require time and budget allocation.